Disorders such as epilepsy, convulsion, or seizures (fits) fall under the chronic disorder category. In this condition, an unusual spasm, which is a sudden, violent and irregular movement of the limb, occurs at unpredictable times. An epileptic spasm is caused by an involuntary contraction of nerve muscle in the motor neuron in the brain, where its behavior changes from normal functioning. The brain neurons produce additional electrical activity, which results in an epileptic spasm. Epilepsy seizures can also be also caused by high fever, head injuries or similar events.Stages of Epilepsy
There are 3 distinct stages of epilepsy seizures: Aura, Tonic and Clonic.
This first stage is where an individual can sense a physical or emotional warning before a seizure occurs. This involves changes in smell, taste, visual perception, hearing and emotional state. An epilepsy patient must be able to recognize these warning signs of a seizure that is about to begin, as it helps their safety. Awareness of these stimulants can help prevent potential dangers.Tonic Stage
The next stage is where the body muscles become tightened and lead to seizures. You can lose consciousness here, with your body going stiff and can fall to the floor if standing. Strong spasms can cause the muscles to force air out of the lungs and breathing can stop. This can last a couple of seconds and is felt in the entire body or parts.
The third stage is where your muscles relax and phlegm comes out. Your limbs jerk around and you may lose control of your bladder or bowel systems.Epilepsy during Pregnancy
If epilepsy develops during pregnancy or you are suffering from epilepsy during your pregnancy period, this can cause adverse effects to the growing embryo. During an epileptic seizure, the growing embryo’s heart rate and oxygen supply can deplete, which can cause damage to brain cells. This can lead to premature detachment from the womb, and a miscarriage. To avoid this unfortunate situation, if you have epilepsy during pregnancy, you should adhere to the following instructions:
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